Bank Soal
Structure And Written Expression 2

This section is designed to measure your ability to recognize language that is appropriate
for standard written English. There are two types of questions in this section, with special
directions for each type.

: Questions 1-15 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see
four words or phrases, marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Choose the one word or phrase that best
completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of theanswer you have chosen.
Example I
Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes ……. they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth's surface.
(A) due to
(B) because
(C) in spite of
(D) regardless of
The sentence should read, "Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes because they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth's surface." Therefore, you should choose (B).
Example II
During the early period of ocean navigation, …….any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques.
(A) so that hardly
(B) when there hardly was
(C) hardly was
(D) there was hardly
The sentence should read, "During the early period of ocean navigation, there was hardly any needfor sophisticated instruments and techniques." Therefore, you shouldchoose (D).
Now begin work on the questions.
1.      Dairy farming is …….leadingagricultural activity in the United States.
(A) a
(B) at
(C) then
(D) none
2.      Although thunder and lightning are produced at the same time, light waves travel faster……., so we see the lightning before we hear the thunder.
(A) than sound waves do
(B) than sound waves are
(C) do sound waves
(D) sound waves
3.      Beef cattle……. of all livestock for economic growth in certain geographic regions.
(A) the most are important
(B) are the most important
(C) the most important are
(D) that are the most important
4.      The discovery of the halftone process in photography in 1881 made it…….photography in books and newspapers.
(A) the possible reproduction
(B) possible to reproduce
(C) the possibility of reproducing
(D) possibly reproduced
5.      Flag Day is a legal holiday only inthe state of Pennsylvania,……. Betsy Ross sewed the first American flag.
(A) which
(B) where
(C) that
(D) has
6.      .......vastness of the GrandCanyon, it is difficult to capture it in a single photograph.
(A) While the
(B) The
(C) For the
(D) Because of the
7.      Speciation,……., results when ananimal population becomes isolated by some factor, usually geographic.
(A)  form biological species
(B)   biological species are formed
(C)   which forming biologicalspecies
(D)  the formation of biologicalspecies
8.      In its pure state antimony has no important uses,but …….withother substances, it is an extremely useful metal.
(A) when combined physically orchemically
(B) combined when physically orchemically
(C) the physical and chemicalcombination
(D) it is combined physically andchemically
9.      The dawn redwood appears…….some 100 million years ago in northern forests around the world.
(A) was flourished
(B) having to flourish
(C) to have flourished I
(D) have flourished
10.  Beginning in the Middle Ages, composers of Western music used a system of notating
their compositions ……. be performedby musicians.
(A) will
(B) that
(C) and when to
(D) so they could
11.  Civil Rights are the freedoms and rights…….as a member of acommunity, state, or nation.
(A) may have a person
(B) may have a person who
(C) a person may have
(D) and a person may have
12.  Richard Wright enjoyed successand influence…….among BlackAmerican writers of his era.
(A)  were unparalleled
(B)   are unparalleled
(C)   unparalleled
(D)  the unparalleled
13.  …….of large mammals oncedominated the North American prairies: the American bison and the pronghorn antelope.
(A) There are two species
(B) With two species
(C) Two species are
(D) Two species L
14.  Franklin D. Roosevelt was…….the great force of radio and the opportunity it provided for taking government policies directly to the people.
(A) as the first President heunderstood fully
(B) the first President that, tofully understand
(C) the first President fullyunderstood
(D) the first President tounderstand fully
15.  During the late fifteenth century,…….of the native societies ofAmerica had professions in the fields of arts and crafts.
(A) only a few
(B) a few but
(C) few, but only
(D) a few only

Written Expression

Directions: In questions 16-40 each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. The
four underlined parts of the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.
Example I Sample Answer
Guppies are sometimes call rainbow fish because of
                                   A                B        C
the males' bright colors.
The sentence should read, "Guppies are sometimes called rainbow fish because of the males' bright colors " Therefore, you should choose (A).
Example II
Serving several term in Congress, Shirley Chisholm
     A                   B  
became an important United States politician.
                       C                                  D
The sentence should read, "Serving several terms in Congress, Shirley Chisholm became an important United States politician." Therefore, you should choose (B).
Now begin work on the questions.
16.  The firstly naval battle of the Revolutionary War  was fought off the coast of
A                                                               B               C
Machias, Maine, in June 1775.
17.  The public ceremonies of the Plains Indians are lesser elaborate than those of the
                A                                                          B                         C
Navajo in the Southwest.
18.  In some species of fish, such the three-spined stickleback, the male, not the female,
      A                              B
performs the task of caring for the young.
     C                          D
19.  When she retires in September 1989, tennis champion Christine Evert was the most
                   A                                           B                                              C
famous woman athlete in the United States.
20.  The ancient Romans used vessels equipped with sails and banks of oars to
  A                                                       B                          C
transporting their armies.
21.  Dinosaurs are traditionally classified as cold-blooded reptiles, but recent evidence    
                 A                                                                          B
based on eating habits, posture, and skeletal structural suggests some may have been
                                                                    C                                         D
22.  Since the Great Depression of the 1930's, social programs such as Social Security
have been built into the economy to help avert severity business declines.
              B                                              C                   D
23.  In the 1970's, consumer activities succeeded in promoting laws that set safety
       A                          B                                                    C
standards for automobiles, children's clothing, and a widely range of household
24.  Zoos in New Orleans, San Diego, Detroit, and the Bronx have become biological
parks where animals roams free and people watch from across a moat.
              B                           C                                                 D
25.  In human beings, as in other mammal, hairs around the eyes and ears and in the nose,
    A                     B
prevent dust, insects, and other matter from entering these organs.
    C                                                                             D
26.  The Rocky Mountains were explored by fur traders during the early 1800's, in a
                                          A                     B                                                                  C
decades preceding the United States Civil War.
27.  The works of the author Herman Melville are literary creations of a high order,
A                                             B
blending fact, fiction, adventure, and subtle symbolic.
                 C                                                                D
28.  Eachchemical element is characterized to the number of protons that an atom of that
       A                                                      B                                                     C
element contains, called its atomic number.
29.  The body structure that developed in birds over millions of years is well designed for
A                                                         B                                             C
flight, being both lightly in weight and remarkably strong.
30.  From 1905 to 1920, American novelist Edith Wharton was at the height of her writing
   A                                                                                    B
career, publishing of her three most famous novels.
                                  C                 D
31.  In the early twentieth century, there was considerable interesting among sociologists
in the fact that in the United States the family was losing its traditional roles.
                        B                                                 C                                         D
32.  Although pure diamond is colorless and transparent, when contaminated with other
      A                                                                                 B
material it may appear in various color, ranging from pastels to opaque black.
              C                                           D                                            
33.  Comparative anatomy is concerned to the structural differences among animal forms.
                                                A                     B                                 C                     D
34.  A seismograph records oscillation of the ground caused by seismic waves, vibrations
that travel from its point of origin through the Earth or along its surface.
            B             C                                D
35.  Electric lamps came into widespread use during the early 1900's and have replaced
other type of fat, gas, or oil lamps for almost every purpose.
            B                           C                           D
36.  Located in Canada, the Columbia Ice field covers area of 120 square miles and is
A                                         B
3,300 feet thick in some places.
                    C                         D
37.  Composer Richard Rodgers and lyricist Oscar Hammerstein II brought to the musical
Oklahoma!extensive musical and theatrical backgrounds as well as familiar with
                        B                                                                     C
The traditional forms of operetta and musical comedy.
38.  Because of its vast tracts of virtually uninhabited northern forest, Canada has one of  
      A                           B                                                                              C
the lowest population density in the world.
39.  Rice, which it still forms the staple diet of much of the world's population, grows best
     A                                                    B                                                            C
in hot, wet lands.
40.  Government money appropriated for art in the 1930's made possible hundreds of
A                                                         B
murals and statues still admiration in small towns all over the United States.
                                                C                                       D

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